Your travel to Lapland will be totally different if you do it in summer or winter. Here we have compiled some information that we believe will help you when you visit us.
The aurora borealis is a natural phenomenon that causes some lights in the sky of perfect colors and indescribable beauty. Happen when solar winds affect Earth's magnetic field. Particles released in solar flares are retained in the atmosphere, causing eruptions on the surface of the star and leading to solar storms.
We can see them in horizontal, circular lines and ascend or descend as doing a little dance. Usually at altitudes ranging between 80 and 150 km. Colors may vary and often appear in various colors at the same time.
One of the best ways to see this phenomenon is enjoying a snowmobile safari or sitting in a sleigh pulling by reindeer or huskies.
The thickness of the ice in Finland is between 30cm and up to 1.50 meters in Lapland depending if is a river or lake. In a river it took a little more since the currents prevent freezing faster, while in a lake lacking water currents and be this calm will see how it freezes faster.
This layer of ice, of course, acts as an insulator for rivers and lakes underneath and marine life continues its life you can do ice fishing.
Between April and May, the end of the winter ice sheets move and break doing a very distinctive sound and impressive to hear for the first time. Here you have a video of the thawing of May in the Kemijoki river which passes through Rovaniemi.
The midnight sun is a natural phenomenon observable in the north of the Arctic Circle. It is that the Sun is visible 24 hours a day. The number of days per year with midnight sun is greater the closer it is the pole. The sun does not set for 73 days in summer.
Many people have trouble falling asleep at night when the sun is shining. In general, visitors and newcomers are most affected. Not observe daylight for long periods cause seasonal affective disorder, a type of depression caused by the lack of natural light.
Lapland temperatures vary during the year between + 30 ° C and -40 ° C depending on the area. The coldest months are December, January and February. Snow covers an average of 182 days per year Lapland.
The northernmost part of Finland is situated in the Arctic Circle, so the sun does not rise for a month or more during the winter, is not completely dark there a few hours of twilight around noon. This polar night is called kaamos in Finnish.
The animals that you could see in the Finnish landscape are the elk, lynx or reindeer, which is semi-domesticated by Samis. Is a totally experience to see the brown bear, especially because his survible is very difficult.
Mink, marten, arctic hare, porcupine, otter, the shrew, beaver, muskrat and lemming are under the age of forests.
Many species of birds migrate to Finnish land from late spring to late summer to nest. River ecosystems are home to cranes, swans, loons, herons and grebes. The coasts are overflown by Arctic gulls, cormorants, terns ... deserves special attention the gyrfalcon and majestic flight.
There are several ways to see these animals in Lapland. If you are lucky you can see them released while you trek through the woods or if you go to Ranua Zoo, here we can enjoy all these species. This zoo is located less than 80km from Rovaniemi.
The sauna is an essential part in Finnish culture. There are about three million saunas in Finland located both in the cottages by the lakes and forests in metropolitan centers, having in each new building at least one common sauna for all tenants or a sauna in each house. In Finland there are more saunas than private cars.